The Archaeological museum is a conjunction of three museums, which are located in Eminönü district, Istanbul near to the Topkapi Palace. It is formed by:
1. Archaeological Museum (in the main building)
The entire complex hold more than 1 million objects and they can represent almost every era and civilization of the history.
2. Museum of the Ancient Orient
3. Museum of Islamic Art (in the Tiled Kiosk).
This magnificent complex is formed because the efforts that the Ottoman Empire did to modernizeit, because the people that govern the empire were expose to a new form of education. That is when the idea of creating a museum appeared mainly because of the influences that the government has from the Louvre in Paris. The first effort failed but the second one was a success and it was done by education minister Ahmet Vefik Pasa, Dr. Phillip Anton Dethier and archaeologist Osman Hamdi Bey.
The constructions of these magnificent buildings start in different years and eras but they work now together as one. The place where museums are built conform the old outer garden of Topkapi Palace. The museums was founded by decree as the Imperial Museum in 1891, it was built to hold and protect the cultural goods of the country, also the government of that time ask the regional governments to send the best of the local collections.
The construction of the main building started in 1881 and the façade was designed inspired by Alexander Sarcophagus and Sarcophagus of the Mourning Women.
The Museum of Ancient Orient was started in 1883 as a fine art school. 50 years later it was reorganized and opened as a museum.
The Tiled Kiosk was built in 1472 as a part of the outer gardens of Topkapi Palace. Later in 1875 the building was incorporated to the complex of the archeological museums.
Some of the most rescognized artifacts that this amazing complex holds are listed next.
Open daily between 09:30-16:30 except Mondays.
Osman Hamdi Bey Yokusu, Gulhane, Eminonu
- Alexander Sarcophagus, found in the necropolis of Sidon.
- Sarcophagus of the Crying Women, also found in Sidon.
- Sarcophagi of Tabnit and the Satrap.
- The Lycian tomb, a monumental tomb.
- Glazed tile images from the Ishtar Gate of Babylon.
- Statues from ancient antiquity until the end of the Roman Era, from Aphrodisias, Ephesus and Miletus.
- Statue of an Ephebos.
- Parts of statues from the Temple of Zeus found at Bergama.
- Statue of a lion, the only piece saved from the hands of British archaeologists in theMausoleum of Maussollos.
- Snake's head from the Serpentine Column erected in the Hippodrome of Constantinople.
- Mother-Goddess Cybele and votive stelai.
- Busts of Alexander the Great and Zeus.
Tel: (212) 520 77 40 and 41
Entrance price: 10 TL